Developing maritime security in the Indian Ocean, role of the Pakistani navy
The Indian Ocean, the third largest ocean in the world, covers around 27% of the world’s maritime space. Maritime lines of communication (SLOC), passing through the Indian Ocean, are of fundamental importance for the global maritime connection. The Indian Ocean is a relatively closed body of water compared to the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. The periphery of this ocean is surrounded by several states that share competing interests in the Indian Ocean.
The Indian Ocean-centric choke points, which stretch from the Suez Canal to the west and the Strait of Malacca to the east, are of critical economic and strategic importance. The Strait of Hormuz, the suffocation of the Persian Gulf, is the lifeline of the global oil economy as oil from the oil-rich Gulf countries enters the world market after passing through this strait. This strait is at the heart of regional power politics because it has the potential to shape the global economy.
Pakistan is located north of the Indian Ocean, near the Strait of Hormuz, and has sovereign control over 290,000 m². Km. Of maritime space. Pakistan’s maritime area of interest extends to the southern Indian Ocean. The security of regional SLOCs and Pakistan’s maritime connectivity with the rest of the world is the key security objective of the Pakistani Navy. Maritime security involves the security of the maritime domain and all related activities. This includes the security of national sovereignty, the maritime economy, the marine environment and the maintenance of public order in the maritime domain.
With regard to the Indian Ocean, Pakistan is obliged to fulfill a number of obligations. It is essential to note that our geographical position is extremely crucial. It is also a meeting point for three different civilizations. It manifests itself through this gateway to the area, which is quite important. The fact that many more regional troops are interested in this region is due to the importance of this region. We are fortunate to have this location as it provides access to both the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea.
In terms of energy supply and trade, Pakistan is totally dependent on the Indian Ocean, which accounts for almost all of its imports and exports. We will suffer catastrophic repercussions if there is a disruption in oil supplies or international trade. We also have a maritime area of 290,000 square kilometers. In short, there are a lot of risks for Pakistan in this particular sector. It is becoming extremely vital for the Pakistani Navy to play a role in such an environment. Pakistan is a developing country with limited resources to manage the country’s growing geostrategic, political, social, economic, environmental and technical concerns.
The Arabian Sea, which is part of the Indian Ocean, is secured by Pakistan’s Second Fleet in South Asia, which is also the world’s second largest. The Pakistani Navy (NP) mission has evolved considerably in the post-Cold War era. For a long time, the main mission of the navy has been to serve as a formidable fighting force always ready to defend the territorial seas of the country. The new strategic adjustments have broadened the tasks of the NP to answer these questions.
India is strengthening its position of power and control in the Indian Ocean region by deploying naval forces to the region and establishing favorable relations with states located in the Indian Ocean region. There are also a large number of states which are continually threatened by their neighbors. Pakistan also hopes to benefit from India’s global isolationist campaign against Pakistan. India has also developed strong ties with the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, both of which have already helped Pakistan and have cordial relations with the country. Pakistan has occasionally taken the lead in collaborative projects, the most recent being the $ 20 billion project in the country. Pakistan is also expected to take this step, as it will benefit the country. Pakistan should strengthen its cybersecurity and maritime technology to overcome threats in the Arabian Sea.