The main reason the United States lost in Afghanistan
Then Pakistan’s perfidy came to light when the United States killed Bin Laden deep in the country. The SEALs struck without Pakistan knowing they were on their way, fearing bin Laden would be notified. Already lukewarm relations between Washington and Islamabad have cooled. “Obviously, Operation Bin Laden has heightened the degree of difficulty, if you will, as far as the relationship is concerned,” Mullen mentionned June 2, 2011, a month after bin Laden’s death. “We all agree that we are going through a pretty difficult time right now.” Pakistan’s guilt was undeniable.
Pakistan goal was to drive out the United States, leave Afghanistan a vassal state, and reduce the influence of India, its sworn enemy, there. US military officials, increasingly sensing Pakistan’s long game, began to speak more freely. “Right now there is freedom of movement across this border, and the facilitation of drugs and lethal aid movements are a constant,” said Navy Maj. Gen. John Toolan. mentionned in 2012, after spending a year in southern Afghanistan. “There is no Afghan leader I speak to who does not blame Pakistan for all of its problems.”
Thanks to Pakistan, these problems would never go away. “From my perspective as a military commander facing the problem, it’s like I can’t turn off the water,” Toolan said. “I keep cleaning the floor, but I can’t turn off the water. If I could turn off the water Pakistan would be much better. The stakes, he added, were high. “There are a lot of nuclear weapons close to Afghanistan … maintaining stability in the region is as important as establishing stability in Afghanistan,” he added. “As long as regional stability is sustained, and we don’t have a nuclear conflagration and all that stuff, what we’ve done will pay off.”
The war was deadlocked. “Pakistan is a haven for many Islamic extremist and terrorist groups, and successive Pakistani governments are widely believed to have tolerated and even supported some of them as proxies in Islamabad’s historic conflicts with its neighbors.” , said the Congressional Research Service reported in 2019. “The 2011 revelation that al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden had enjoyed a multi-year refuge in Pakistan led the US government to scrutinize bilateral relations and prompted a postponement. questioned by Congress of Wisdom of providing meaningful assistance to a nation that might not have the intention or the ability to be an effective partner. “
Donald Trump called for withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2011. “We have wasted a huge amount of blood and treasures in Afghanistan,” he said. tweeted in 2013. Once elected, he kept up the pressure. “Pakistan, for its part, often offers a safe haven for agents of chaos, violence and terror,” Trump Told a military hearing in 2017. “We can no longer remain silent about safe havens in Pakistan for terrorist organizations, the Taliban and other groups that pose a threat to the region and beyond.” But Pakistan, he added, was just a speed bump on the road to victory in Afghanistan. “At the end of the day,” he promised after seven months in office, “we will win”.